boerenzakdoek engeland
blue . white . red
60 x 60 cm
oil on canvas
©arttrust 2009

united kingdom

since 1801

The current design of the Union Flag dates from the union of Ireland and Great Britain in 1801. It consists of the red cross of Saint George (patron saint of England), edged in white, superimposed on the Cross of St Patrick (patron saint of Ireland, which are superimposed on the Saltire of Saint Andrew (patron saint of Scotland. Wales, however, is not represented in the Union Flag by Wales' patron saint, Saint David. While the flag appears symmetric, the white lines above and below the diagonal red are different widths. On the side closest to the flagpole (or on the left when depicted on paper), the white lines above the diagonals are wider; on the side furthest from the flagpole (or on the right when depicted on paper), the converse is true. Thus, rotating the flag 180 degrees will have no change, but if mirrored the flag will be upside-down.

source: wikipedia